The sampling, testing, recordkeeping, and reporting requirements of the fuels program provide the foundation for EPAs compliance program. The EPAs fuel regulations require that all fuel produced, imported and sold in the United States must meet certain standards. Fuel that does not meet the applicable standards could lead to an increase in emissions of harmful pollutants, such as volatile organic compounds and cancer-causing air toxics.
The goal of the Clean Air Act program that regulates sulfur in gasoline is to minimize emissions from vehicles and to ensure emissions control systems function effectively. Under this program, refiners can generate credits by producing gasoline that contains less sulfur than the applicable standard, and can sell those credits to other refiners that may be unable to meet the standard.
EPA recently announced new emission standards for cars and the sulfur content of gasoline that will significantly reduce harmful pollution and prevent thousands of premature deaths and illnesses, while also enabling efficiency improvements in cars and trucks. These cleaner fuel and car standards are an important component of the administrations national program for clean cars and trucks, which also include historic fuel efficiency standards that are saving new vehicle owners at the gas pump.
The administrative settlement became effective in late February.